A species that does well on dryer soils and in higher elevations but best growth occurs on moist soil.
Associated Species: 
Yellow Birch, Yellow Poplar, Blackgum, Sweetgum, Black Cherry, Black Walnut, Red & Sugar Maples, Hemlock, Red and White Pine.
The bark is gray and deeply furrowed. Inside the furrows the bark appears to be somewhat orange or copper in color. Quite stirking actually. A strong, slower grower commonly found in Appalachian areas of the state. Lumber often labelled and sold as white oak.