A medium to large sized tree often found in poor, dry soils although moist sites promote best growth. Common to the ridge tops in the Allegheny Mountains where acorn form an important food source for wildlife. Easily transplanted.
Associated Species: 
upland oaks, hickories; sweet birch, tuliptree, blackgum, sweetgum, black cherry, black walnut, red and sugar maples.
Very common at the tops of mountains in the Alleghenies. The trees there are rooted in very sandy soil. They grow large but slowly. The bark is coarse and furrowed and in the deep recesses a distinct copper or orange color can be seen.